Monday, June 10, 2013

Examples from "The Lord of the Flies"


Term
Definition
Example
Example from Novel - Page #
simile
A comparison between two unlike things using the terms like or as

The tree sways in the wind like seaweed underwater.
“The boys lay, panting like dogs.” pg. 41
personification
A human action that is given to inanimate objects


The cold wind slapped my face as I walked out the front door.
“..., but on the other fire thrust out  savage arm of heat...” pg. 41
hyperbole
An extreme exaggeration that is not meant to be taken literally

I am so hungry that I could eat a horse!
“Most of the wood was so rotten that when they pulled, it broke up into a shower of fragments and woodlice and decay.” pg. 39
metaphor
A comparison between two unlike things without the use of comparative terms such as like or as
Jewel was a wall, she could not rally the oncoming tennis ball.
“‘Fat lot of good we are,’ said Ralph. ‘Three blind mice.’” pg. 93
foreshadowing
A hint that an author uses to suggest a future event in their piece

‘Do you think we will be safe?’ ‘I sure hope so...’
“‘....I just think you’ll get back all right.’” pg. 111
alliteration
The repetition of a letter or sound in a series of words


Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.
“..., a series of short sharp cries,...” pg. 199
polysyndeton
The use of many conjunctions to achieve the overwhelming effect in a sentence
I said, "Who killed him?" and he said, "I don't know who killed him but he's dead all right," and it was dark and there was water standing in the street and no lights and windows broke and boats all up in the town and trees blown down and everything all blown and I got a skiff and went out and found my boat where I had her inside Mango Key and she was all right only she was full of water.
—Ernest Hemingway, "After the Storm."

“‘You can’t half swim.’” pg. 13
asyndeton
The artistic elimination of conjunctions in a sentence to create a particular effect
“I came, I saw, I conquered.” –Julius Caesar
“‘We saw---’”
“‘Squealing---’”
“‘It broke away---’”
“‘Before I could kill it---but---next time!’” pg. 33
synecdoche
A rhetorical trope involving a part of an object representing the whole, or the whole of an object representing a part
Listen, you've got to come take a look at my new set of wheels.

Piggy - the name for the short fat boy and that represents his appearance. Throughout the book
archetype
An image, descriptive detail, plot pattern or a character type that occurs frequently in literature, myth, religion, or folklore, and is therefore believed to evoke profound emotions because it touches the unconscious memory and thus calls into play illogical but strong responses
Sleeping Beauty (Damsel in distress)

Ralph - Hero

The boys - Young people from
the provinces

Piggy - Benevolent guide
Throughout the book
verisimilitude
The sense that the reader feels as ‘real’, or at least realistic and believable

The burnt gunpowder burns my nose as it intensifies with the smell of iron. Whilst standing on this bloody and dead field revolts me, I will still continue my duties.
“‘---they made us. They hurt us---’”

Similar to today’s society where some people think fear and pain controls another. pg. 188
allusion
A casual reference in literature to a person, place, event or another passage of literature, often without direct identification
I am no Prince Charming
Lord of the Flies
to the
demon Beelzebub pg. 143-144
dramatic irony
a relationship of contrast between a character's limited understanding of his or her situation in some particular moment of the unfolding action and what the audience, at the same instant, understands the character's situation actually to be.
If you were in a restaurant and said out loud, 'I can't wait to eat the veal marsala I ordered,' and there were people around who knew that the veal marsala was poisoned and that you would die as soon as you took a bite, your situation would be one of dramatic irony."
The boys left their country to escape war while creating war on the island amongst themselves. Throughout the book
onomatopoeia
The use of sounds that are similar to the noise they represent


‘Bang!’
“---Whee!” pg. 162
zeugma
The use of a single word to refer to two different objects in an ungrammatical but striking way
The use of an adjective to refer to two different nouns, even though the adjective would logically only be appropriate for one of the two
On his fishing trip, he caught three trout and a cold.

“...Ralph wept for the end of innocence, the darkness of man's heart, and the fall through the air of the true, wise friend called Piggy.” Last page
pg. 291
foil
A character that serves by contrast to highlight or emphasize opposing traits in another character
Dumbledore and Voldemort.

Ralph and Jack. Middle of the book to the end